The Afro montane forest of Nyungwe National Park is the oldest of its type in Africa and contains a uniquely rich flora and fauna. There are 200+ tree species, 100 different orchids and 300 bird species (including 23 Albertine Rift endemics). However it is the number and variety of primates that is the biggest attraction.
Chimpanzees, rare golden monkeys, the handsome L’Hoest’s monkey and Ruwenzori colobus (some of which live in troops of over 400) are among the species present. A morning spent with a guide on one of the many walking trails through Nyungwe forest should encounter a good number of these species.
- Single largest track of Montane Forest
- 13 species of primate
- Fantastic Chimpanzee tracking opportunities
Nyungwe Forest National Park protects the largest single track of montane forest remaining anywhere in east or central Africa, and as a result exists as a remarkable bio system rich in many mammal, birds, insects and plant species.
Nyungwe is renowned for its 13 species of primates and in particular is a great location for Chimpanzee tracking and viewing 9 different species of monkey including the Ruwenzori colobus and the handsome l’Hoest’s monkey.
Of the famous African ‘Big 5’, Elephant, Buffalo and Leopard were all relatively common in pre-colonial times, however only leopard are now regularly seen due to excessive poaching up until the 1990s.
Nyungwe does however have many smaller predators including the golden cat, wild cat, serval cat, the side-striped jackal and three types of mongoose. Antelope found in Nyungwe include bushbuck and three types of duiker, which formerly common, have suffered from heavily from poaching as bush meat.
Harbouring an estimated 300 bird species, Nyungwe Forest National Park is considered the most important ornithological site in Rwanda and is a haven for bird watchers and photographers alike. Up to 24 of these bird species are endemic to the montane forests of the Albertine Rift.