Kòm yon pati nan Lake mozayik rejyonal la Victoria nan abita, Akagera National Park la nan lès Rwanda se yon jaden flè espektakilè nan woule ti mòn, Zakasya, epi li Combretum rakbwa nan, preri, ak marekaj yo ak lak ki swiv kou a koube nan Akagera larivyè Lefrat la. Te pak la te etabli an 1934 pwoteje yon zòn ki kouvri 2,500 kilomèt kare (965 mil kare) Pa ane 1960 yo, Park la te fòme yon pati nan yon ekosistèm pi gwo ki te gen ladan Kikagati Uganda a jwèt Rezèv, Lake Mburo National Park, ak parcourt zòn nò ale nan Katonga larivyè Lefrat la. Lòt bò larivyè Lefrat la Akagera sou bò solèy leve a, ekosistèm nan pwolonje nan Ibanda Tanzani a ak Rumanyika Rezèv jwèt, ak koridò nan bwa relativman instabilite ak BUSHLAND ki lye ak zòn sa yo Biharamulo la ak Burigi Rezèv jwèt pi lwen nan sid, between Lake Victoria and the Rwanda border.
The Akagera-Lake Mburo ecosystem has its own characteristic fauna, with some notable occurrences and absences of species. Topi are found here, but hartebeest are not.. Zebra were, once numerous, but have never been recorded in nearby Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda's Albertine Rift Valley. Impala are common in the ecosystem, and the impala’s range does not overlap that of the Uganda kob, found in the Albertine Rift protected areas, 60 kilometers to the northwest. This ecosystem harbors a remnant population of roan antelope, present in very low numbers in Akagera and, sadly, now extirpated from Uganda’s Lake Mburo. More than 500 bird species have been recorded in Akagera National Park, including the rare shoe-billed stork; the park can boast one of the most diverse avifaunas on the African continent.
Today, the Akagera-Lake Mburo ecosystem is fragmented and its wildlife populations are confined to small, disturbed enclaves. And Lake Mburo National Park, which is surrounded by cattle ranches, has been reduced to 371 kilomèt kare. Uganda’s.Katonga Wildlife Reserve is also isolated by surrounding villages, and its wildlife populations have been virtually extirpated. On the Tanzania side, human settlements block wildlife corridors to Biharamulo and Burigi. Thus, the protection of Akagera is critically important for the conservation of the remnants of this unique and diverse biotic community.